Intergroup competition as a double-edged sword: How sex composition regulates the effects of competition on group creativity

Baer, M and Vadera, A K and Leenders, R T A J and Oldham, G R (2014) Intergroup competition as a double-edged sword: How sex composition regulates the effects of competition on group creativity. Organization Science, 25 (3). pp. 892-908. ISSN 1047-7039

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Abstract

Building on social role theory, we extend a contingency perspective on intergroup competition proposing that having groups compete against one another is stimulating to the creativity of groups composed largely or exclusively of men but detrimental to the creativity of groups composed largely or exclusively of women. We tested this idea in two separate studies: a laboratory experiment (Study 1) and a field study (Study 2). Study 1 showed that competition had the expected positive effects on the creativity of groups composed mostly or exclusively of men and produced the predicted negative effects on the creativity of groups composed of women, even though the latter effects emerged at the high end of the competition spectrum and for sex-homogeneous groups only. Results of Study 1 also revealed that within-group collaboration mediated the joint effects of competition and sex composition on group creativity. Study 2 replicated the results of Study 1 in a field setting involving research and development teams. We discuss the implications of these findings for theory and practice. © 2014 INFORMS.

ISB Creators:
ISB CreatorsORCiD
Vadera, A KUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Collaboration; Competition; Creativity; Groups; Sex composition; Social role theory
Subjects: Business and Management
Depositing User: Ilammaran A
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2014 14:44
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2014 17:49
URI: http://eprints.exchange.isb.edu/id/eprint/229
Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org./10.1287/orsc.2013.0878
Publisher OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1047-7039/
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