LibRA: On LinkedIn Based Role Ambiguity and Its Relationship with Wellbeing and Job Performance

Saha, K and Reddy, M D and Mattingly, S and Moskal, E and Sirigiri, A and De Choudhury, M (2019) LibRA: On LinkedIn Based Role Ambiguity and Its Relationship with Wellbeing and Job Performance. Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction, 3 (CSCW).

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Abstract

Job roles serve as a boundary between an employee and an organization, and are often considered building blocks in understanding the behavior and functioning of organizational systems. However, a lack of clarity about one's role, that is, one's work responsibilities and degree of authority, can lead to absenteeism, turnover, dissatisfaction, stress, and lower workplace performance. This paper proposes a methodology to quantitatively estimate role ambiguity via unobtrusively gathered data from LinkedIn, shared voluntarily by a cohort of information workers spanning multiple organizations. After successfully validating this LinkedIn based measure of Role Ambiguity, or LibRA against a state-of-the-art gold standard, drawing upon theories in organizational psychology, we examine the efficacy and convergent validity of LibRA in explaining established relationships of role ambiguity with wellbeing and performance measures of individuals. We find that greater LibRA is associated with depleted wellbeing, such as increased heart rate, increased arousal, decreased sleep, and higher stress. In addition, greater LibRA is associated with lower job performance such as decreased organizational citizenship behavior and decreased individual task performance. We discuss how LibRA can help fill gaps in state-of-the-art assessments of role ambiguity, and the potential of this measure in building novel technology-mediated strategies to combat role ambiguity in organizations.

Affiliation: Indian School of Business
ISB Creiators:
ISB Creators
ORCiD
Sirigiri, A
UNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The research paper was published by the author with the affiliation of Dartmouth College, Hanover
Uncontrolled Keywords: Workplace, Job Performance, Role Ambiguity, Passive Sensing, Role Theory, LinkedIn, Wellbeing, Productivity, Social Media
Subjects: Human Resources Management
Depositing User: Gurusrinivasan K
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2021 08:47
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2021 08:47
URI: https://eprints.exchange.isb.edu/id/eprint/1436
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1145/3359239
Publisher OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/33157
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