Individual Differences in Need for Cognition and Complex Problem Solving

Nair, K U and Ramnarayan, S (2000) Individual Differences in Need for Cognition and Complex Problem Solving. Journal of Research in Personality, 34 (3). pp. 305-328. ISSN 1095-7251

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This article reports an empirical study investigating the relation between Need for cognition of individuals and their effectiveness in solving complex problems. A complex, long-duration, computer-simulated, multifaceted cognitive task was presented to 45 managers from a very large Indian metal-processing unit. Problem-solving effectiveness was assessed on success, consistency, and crisis-free nature. Need for cognition was assessed using the 18-item, short-form need-for-cognition scale. Results show that need for cognition of individuals has significant positive association with effectiveness in solving complex problems. Individuals with a higher need for cognition: (a) were more successful in solving the problem, (b) collected information and made decisions on more aspects of the problem, and (c) faced fewer crises during the process. Some curvilinear effects were also observed. Results further indicate that exposure strengthens the development of need for cognition.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The research paper was published by the author with the affiliation of Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad .
Subjects: Organizational Behaviour
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2019 18:51
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2023 11:42

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