Mars-Venus marriages: Culture and cross-border M & A

Chakrabarti, R and Gupta-Mukherjee, S and Jayaraman, N (2009) Mars-Venus marriages: Culture and cross-border M & A. Journal of International Business Studies, 40. pp. 216-236. ISSN 1478-6990

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Using a sample of over 800 cross-border acquisitions during 1991-2004, we find that, contrary to general perception, cross-border acquisitions perform better in the long run if the acquirer and the target come from countries that are culturally more disparate. We use mainly the Hofstede measure of cultural dimensions to measure cultural distance, but also examine alternative proxies. The positive relationship of performance to cultural distance persists after controlling for several deal-specific variables and country-level fixed effects, and is robust to alternative specifications of long-term performance. Cash and friendly acquisitions tend to perform better in the long run. There is also some evidence of synergies when acquirers are from stronger economies relative to the targets. © 2009 Academy of International Business.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Business and Management
Business Strategy
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2014 14:51
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2023 17:53

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